Domain Terms: A Glossary

Despite what you might think, there’s more to domain names than just picking the first one that comes to mind. Having the right domain name will help your online business stand out and raise awareness of your brand. 

If you want to become more knowledgeable about domain names, it’ll be wise to read through our glossary of domain terms. All terms listed below are related to domain names and will better your understanding of domains in general.  

Domain Terms


  • A Record: A setting used to assign a domain name to a specified IP address.


  • Country Code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD): A two-letter domain name associated with specific countries. Example – .ca for Canada domains and .us for United States ones. 
  • Cybersquatting: A process used to register domains with ulterior motives such as blocking someone else from using it, stealing traffic, or selling the domain at an inflated price. 


  • Domain Name: The name of a website identified as the text that follows the “www” in the URL or the @ symbol in an email address. Example –, where is the domain name. 
  • Domain Name System (DNS): A system translating IP address numbers into a readable domain name.
  • Domain Flipping: Purchasing a domain name to resell at a profit.  
  • Domain Privacy: A feature provided by domain registrars to hide domain owner information on a WHOIS inquiry.


  • Extension: The indication of which registry a domain is associated with found after the “.” in the domain name. Example – .com, .us, .org 


  • Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD): Common domain names, such as .NET or .COM 
  • Grace Period: A period offered for renewal of a domain name after registration has expired and before it’s offered up for sale.  


  • Internet Protocol (IP) Address: The unique numbers used to identify a specific computer or server. 
  • International Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN): The institution responsible for regulating the domain industry and organizing the Internet’s naming system. 


  • Misspelled Domain Name: Incorrect spellings of a domain name purchased to ensure that misspelled searches of your business or brand still produce your website.  


  • New Top-Level Domain (nTLD): A new string of characters following domain names. Example, .news, .design. 
  • Nameserver: Web servers serving as resource directories, often for other servers. 


  • Parking: A placeholder page acting as a temporary display for a domain name before it’s in use or when it’s in the process of being sold. 
  • Premium Domain: A previously registered domain name with valuable SEO keywords. These are considered high-value since they have more powerful branding potential, are easy to remember, and attract more traffic. 


  • Redirect: Pushing incoming traffic of a domain no longer in use to the new domain. 
  • Redemption Period: A period offered for renewal of a domain name at a higher price after it has expired and the grace period has lapsed as well.  
  • Registrant: The listed name of a domain’s record, usually the owner or a business in control of it. 
  • Registrar: An accredited public seller of domain name registration services.   
  • Registry: An organization maintaining and controlling top-level domains. The sale of these domains is usually done through third-party registrars and not directly to the public.
  • Renewal: Re-registering domain names to continue ownership. 
  • Reseller: A individual employed by a registrar to sell domain name services independently. 
  • Reverse Domain Hijacking: Attempting to obtain an owned domain name through false claims.  


  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO): Optimizing websites and content to rank higher in search engine results.  
  • Second-Level Domain (2LD): Domain names located below another. Example where .com is second to .ca.  
  • Subdomain: Separate addresses located under domain names. Example –  


  • Top-Level Domain (TLD): The part of a domain name that appears after the “.”. Example – .net, .com. club or .org.  
  • Transfer: Moving domain names between registrars without losing ownership. 


  • Universal Resource Locator (URL): The string of numbers and symbols in the address bar of your web browser. This includes the information your computer needs to find the right pages, images, or documents on a specific website. 


  • WHOIS: A system used to search owner information of registered domain names. 

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