A domain name is a distinctive, simple-to-remember ‘online address’ used to visit websites like “facebook.com” and “google.com.” The domain name system or DNS enables people to access websites using these domain names.

A domain name is what?

When using client software to access a website, a domain name is a string of characters that corresponds to a numeric IP address. A domain name is just the text that a user puts into their browser to access a certain website. For instance, Domain Rooster’s domain name is “shop.hostrooster.com“.

The real address of a website is a lengthy IP address, such as, but due to DNS, users may get to the websites they want by typing in human-friendly domain names. A DNS lookup is the term for this procedure.

Who is in charge of domain names?

All domain names are controlled by domain registries, which assign domain name reservations to registrars. There are already over 300 million registered domain names, and anybody who wants to construct a website can register a domain name one using the Domain Roosters search tool.

What distinguishes a domain name from a URL?

The domain name of a website is included in a unified resource locator (URL), also known as a web address, along with other details like the path and the transfer protocol. For instance, the domain name “shop.hostrooster.com” is the domain name, “https” is the protocol, and /products/domain-registration/” is the path to a specific page on the website in the URL “https://www.shop.hostrooster.com/products/domain-registration/“.

What components make up a domain name?

Usually two or three elements, each separated by a dot, make up domain names. The identifiers in domain names are ordered from most generic to most particular when read from right to left. The top-level domain is the area of a domain name to the right of the last dot (TLD). These include “generic” TLDs like “.com,” “.net,” and “.org,” as well as regional and national TLDs like “.uk” and “.jp.”

The second-level domain (2LD) is the domain level that comes after the top-level domain (TLD), while the third-level domain is the domain level that comes after the 2LD (3LD). Let’s examine a few instances:

For the “google.com” domain of Google in the US:

The TLD (most generic) is “.com,” while the 2LD is “google” (most specific)
But for the domain name “google.co.uk” for Google UK:

The TLD (most generic) is “.com,” and the 2LD is “.co”

The 3LD (most specific) is “google”

The 2LD in this instance specifies the kind of business that registered the domain (.co in the UK is for sites registered by companies).

How to obtain a domain name

After registering a domain name with a registrar, that registrar is responsible for alerting the registrant when their domain is about to expire and providing them with the option to renew, preventing them from losing their domain name. In certain instances, registrars will take advantage of their users’ expired domain names by purchasing them as soon as they become available and selling them back to the original registrant at a steep discount. To prevent this kind of exploitative act, it’s critical to select a registrar that is trustworthy and honest.

HostRooster is a leading web hosting solutions company. Since our founding in 2019, HostRooster has continually innovated new ways to deliver on our mission: to empower people to fully harness the web. Based in London, England, we provide comprehensive tools to users throughout the world so anyone, novice or pro, can get on the web and thrive with our web hosting packages.